IACRC’s president, Thomas C. Green, was a guest instructor at a recent anticorruption training program held in Prague, Czech Republic in March 2013. The program was sponsored by the CEELI Institute, a Prague-based international provider of post-graduate professional legal education. It was designed for prosecutors, investigators, and judges involved in executing anticorruption policies in their countries.
During his presentation, Mr. Green observed that current prosecution and compliance efforts around the world are heavily focused on the “supply side” of corruption – multinational corporations and others who pay bribes to obtain business. No comparable enforcement initiatives target the “demand side,” consisting of the government officials in various countries who receive the bribes.
Among the obstacles to mounting effective demand side enforcement capabilities are laws and procedures in some countries that are inadequate for the special needs of investigators and prosecutors who pursue corrupt officials. It may be necessary, for example, to protect witnesses, bargain with, or offer some degree of immunity to, participants in a corrupt scheme in order to obtain usable evidence. A conspiracy may have to be proved through circumstantial evidence and attacked indirectly using laws against obstruction of justice. These and other techniques require both adequate laws and procedures and trained enforcement personnel.
In addition to teaching investigation techniques and strategy, Mr. Green demonstrated the IACRC’s fraud detection software which enables investigators to identify red flags in procurement bid data where typically millions of dollars are vulnerable to the risk of corruption.